使openwrt支持阿里云的动态DNS

转载自网络.出处不明.

http://www.eatm.app/wp-content/uploads/2019/01/ddns-scripts_aliyun_1.0.0-1_all.zip

#!/bin/sh
#
# 用于阿里云解析的DNS更新脚本
# 2017-2018 Sense <sensec at gmail dot com>
# 阿里云解析API文档 https://help.aliyun.com/document_detail/29739.html
#
# 本脚本由 dynamic_dns_functions.sh 内的函数 send_update() 调用
#
# 需要在 /etc/config/ddns 中设置的选项
# option username - 阿里云API访问账号 Access Key ID。可通过 aliyun.com 帐号管理的 accesskeys 获取, 或者访问 https://ak-console.aliyun.com
# option password - 阿里云API访问密钥 Access Key Secret
# option domain   - 完整的域名。建议主机与域名之间使用 @符号 分隔,否则将以第一个 .符号 之前的内容作为主机名
#

# 检查传入参数
[ -z "$username" ] && write_log 14 "配置错误!保存阿里云API访问账号的'用户名'不能为空"
[ -z "$password" ] && write_log 14 "配置错误!保存阿里云API访问密钥的'密码'不能为空"

# 检查外部调用工具
[ -n "$WGET_SSL" ] || write_log 13 "使用阿里云API需要 GNU Wget 支持,请先安装"
command -v sed >/dev/null 2>&1 || write_log 13 "使用阿里云API需要 sed 支持,请先安装"
command -v openssl >/dev/null 2>&1 || write_log 13 "使用阿里云API需要 openssl-util 支持,请先安装"

# 包含用于解析 JSON 格式返回值的函数
. /usr/share/libubox/jshn.sh

# 变量声明
local __HOST __DOMAIN __TYPE __URLBASE __CMDBASE __URLARGS __SEPARATOR __RECID
[ $use_https -eq 0 ] && __URLBASE="http://alidns.aliyuncs.com/" || __URLBASE="https://alidns.aliyuncs.com/"
__SEPARATOR="&"

# 从 $domain 分离主机和域名
[ "${domain:0:2}" == "@." ] && domain="${domain/./}" # 主域名处理
[ "$domain" == "${domain/@/}" ] && domain="${domain/./@}" # 未找到分隔符,兼容常用域名格式
__HOST="${domain%%@*}"
__DOMAIN="${domain#*@}"
[ -z "$__HOST" -o "$__HOST" == "$__DOMAIN" ] && __HOST="@"

# 设置记录类型
[ $use_ipv6 -eq 0 ] && __TYPE="A" || __TYPE="AAAA"

# 构造基本通信命令
build_command() {
    __CMDBASE="$WGET_SSL -nv -t 1 -O $DATFILE -o $ERRFILE"
    # 绑定用于通信的主机/IP
    if [ -n "$bind_network" ]; then
        local bind_ip run_prog
        [ $use_ipv6 -eq 0 ] && run_prog="network_get_ipaddr" || run_prog="network_get_ipaddr6"
        eval "$run_prog bind_ip $bind_network" || \
            write_log 13 "Can not detect local IP using '$run_prog $bind_network' - Error: '$?'"
        write_log 7 "Force communication via IP '$bind_ip'"
        __CMDBASE="$__CMDBASE --bind-address=$bind_ip"
    fi
    # 强制设定IP版本
    if [ $force_ipversion -eq 1 ]; then
        [ $use_ipv6 -eq 0 ] && __CMDBASE="$__CMDBASE -4" || __CMDBASE="$__CMDBASE -6"
    fi
    # 设置CA证书参数
    if [ $use_https -eq 1 ]; then
        if [ "$cacert" = "IGNORE" ]; then
            __CMDBASE="$__CMDBASE --no-check-certificate"
        elif [ -f "$cacert" ]; then
            __CMDBASE="$__CMDBASE --ca-certificate=${cacert}"
        elif [ -d "$cacert" ]; then
            __CMDBASE="$__CMDBASE --ca-directory=${cacert}"
        elif [ -n "$cacert" ]; then
            write_log 14 "No valid certificate(s) found at '$cacert' for HTTPS communication"
        fi
    fi
    # 如果没有设置,禁用代理 (这可能是 .wgetrc 或环境设置错误)
    [ -z "$proxy" ] && __CMDBASE="$__CMDBASE --no-proxy"
}

# 用于阿里云API的通信函数
aliyun_transfer() {
    local __PARAM="$@"
    local __CNT=0
    local __RUNPROG __ERR PID_SLEEP

    [ $# -eq 0 ] && write_log 12 "Error in 'aliyun_transfer()' - wrong number of parameters"

    while : ; do
        build_Request $__PARAM
        __RUNPROG="$__CMDBASE '${__URLBASE}?${__URLARGS}'"

        write_log 7 "#> $__RUNPROG"
        eval $__RUNPROG
        __ERR=$?
        [ $__ERR -eq 0 ] && return 0

        write_log 3 "GNU Wget Error: '$__ERR'"
        write_log 7 "$(cat $ERRFILE)"

        if [ $VERBOSE -gt 1 ]; then
            write_log 4 "Transfer failed - Verbose Mode: $VERBOSE - NO retry on error"
            return 1
        fi

        __CNT=$(( $__CNT + 1 ))
        [ $retry_count -gt 0 -a $__CNT -gt $retry_count ] && \
            write_log 14 "Transfer failed after $retry_count retries"

        write_log 4 "Transfer failed - retry $__CNT/$retry_count in $RETRY_SECONDS seconds"
        sleep $RETRY_SECONDS &
        PID_SLEEP=$!
        wait $PID_SLEEP
        PID_SLEEP=0
    done
}

# 百分号编码
percentEncode() {
    if [ -z "${1//[A-Za-z0-9_.~-]/}" ]; then
        echo -n "$1"
    else
        local string=$1; local i=0; local ret chr
        while [ $i -lt ${#string} ]; do
            chr=${string:$i:1}
            [ -z "${chr#[^A-Za-z0-9_.~-]}" ] && chr=$(printf '%%%02X' "'$chr")
            ret="$ret$chr"
            i=$(( $i + 1 ))
        done
        echo -n "$ret"
    fi
}

# 构造阿里云解析请求参数
build_Request() {
    local args="$@"; local string
    local HTTP_METHOD="GET"

    # 添加请求参数
    __URLARGS=
    for string in $args; do
        case "${string%%=*}" in
            Format|Version|AccessKeyId|SignatureMethod|Timestamp|SignatureVersion|SignatureNonce|Signature) ;; # 过滤公共参数
            *) __URLARGS="$__URLARGS${__SEPARATOR}"$(percentEncode "${string%%=*}")"="$(percentEncode "${string#*=}");;
        esac
    done
    __URLARGS="${__URLARGS:1}"

    # 附加公共参数
    string="Format=JSON"; __URLARGS="$__URLARGS${__SEPARATOR}"$(percentEncode "${string%%=*}")"="$(percentEncode "${string#*=}")
    string="Version=2015-01-09"; __URLARGS="$__URLARGS${__SEPARATOR}"$(percentEncode "${string%%=*}")"="$(percentEncode "${string#*=}")
    string="AccessKeyId=$username"; __URLARGS="$__URLARGS${__SEPARATOR}"$(percentEncode "${string%%=*}")"="$(percentEncode "${string#*=}")
    string="SignatureMethod=HMAC-SHA1"; __URLARGS="$__URLARGS${__SEPARATOR}"$(percentEncode "${string%%=*}")"="$(percentEncode "${string#*=}")
    string="Timestamp="$(date -u '+%Y-%m-%dT%H:%M:%SZ'); __URLARGS="$__URLARGS${__SEPARATOR}"$(percentEncode "${string%%=*}")"="$(percentEncode "${string#*=}")
    string="SignatureVersion=1.0"; __URLARGS="$__URLARGS${__SEPARATOR}"$(percentEncode "${string%%=*}")"="$(percentEncode "${string#*=}")
    string="SignatureNonce="$(cat '/proc/sys/kernel/random/uuid'); __URLARGS="$__URLARGS${__SEPARATOR}"$(percentEncode "${string%%=*}")"="$(percentEncode "${string#*=}")

    # 对请求参数进行排序,用于生成签名
    string=$(echo -n "$__URLARGS" | sed 's/\'"${__SEPARATOR}"'/\n/g' | sort | sed ':label; N; s/\n/\'"${__SEPARATOR}"'/g; b label')
    # 构造用于计算签名的字符串
    string="${HTTP_METHOD}${__SEPARATOR}"$(percentEncode "/")"${__SEPARATOR}"$(percentEncode "$string")
    # 字符串计算签名HMAC值
    local signature=$(echo -n "$string" | openssl dgst -sha1 -hmac "${password}&" -binary)
    # HMAC值编码成字符串,得到签名值
    signature=$(echo -n "$signature" | openssl base64)

    # 附加签名参数
    string="Signature=$signature"; __URLARGS="$__URLARGS${__SEPARATOR}"$(percentEncode "${string%%=*}")"="$(percentEncode "${string#*=}")
}

# 添加解析记录
add_domain() {
    local value
    aliyun_transfer "Action=AddDomainRecord" "DomainName=${__DOMAIN}" "RR=${__HOST}" "Type=${__TYPE}" "Value=${__IP}" || write_log 14 "服务器通信失败"
    json_cleanup; json_load "$(cat "$DATFILE" 2> /dev/null)" >/dev/null 2>&1
    json_get_var value "RecordId"
    [ -z "$value" ] && write_log 14 "添加新解析记录失败"
    write_log 7 "添加新解析记录成功"
    return 0
}

# 修改解析记录
update_domain() {
    local value
    aliyun_transfer "Action=UpdateDomainRecord" "RecordId=${__RECID}" "RR=${__HOST}" "Type=${__TYPE}" "Value=${__IP}" || write_log 14 "服务器通信失败"
    json_cleanup; json_load "$(cat "$DATFILE" 2> /dev/null)" >/dev/null 2>&1
    json_get_var value "RecordId"
    [ -z "$value" ] && write_log 14 "修改解析记录失败"
    write_log 7 "修改解析记录成功"
    return 0
}

# 启用解析记录
enable_domain() {
    local value
    aliyun_transfer "Action=SetDomainRecordStatus" "RecordId=${__RECID}" "Status=Enable" || write_log 14 "服务器通信失败"
    json_cleanup; json_load "$(cat "$DATFILE" 2> /dev/null)" >/dev/null 2>&1
    json_get_var value "Status"
    [ "$value" != "Enable" ] && write_log 14 "启用解析记录失败"
    write_log 7 "启用解析记录成功"
    return 0
}

# 获取子域名解析记录列表
describe_domain() {
    local value type; local ret=0
    aliyun_transfer "Action=DescribeSubDomainRecords" "SubDomain=${__HOST}.${__DOMAIN}" || write_log 14 "服务器通信失败"
    json_cleanup; json_load "$(cat "$DATFILE" 2> /dev/null)" >/dev/null 2>&1
    json_get_var value "TotalCount"
    if [ $value -eq 0 ]; then
        write_log 7 "解析记录不存在"
        ret=1
    else
        json_select "DomainRecords" >/dev/null 2>&1
        json_select "Record" >/dev/null 2>&1
        json_select 1 >/dev/null 2>&1
        json_get_var value "Locked"
        [ $value -ne 0 ] && write_log 14 "解析记录被锁定"
        json_get_var __RECID "RecordId"
        write_log 7 "获得解析记录ID: ${__RECID}"
        json_get_var value "Status"
        [ "$value" != "ENABLE" ] && ret=$(( $ret | 2 )) && write_log 7 "解析记录被禁用"
        json_get_var type "Type"
        json_get_var value "Value"
        [ "$type" != "${__TYPE}" -o "$value" != "${__IP}" ] && ret=$(( $ret | 4 )) && write_log 7 "地址或类型需要修改"
    fi
    return $ret
}

build_command
describe_domain
ret=$?
if [ $ret -eq 1 ]; then
    sleep 3 && add_domain
else
    [ $(( $ret & 2 )) -ne 0 ] && sleep 3 && enable_domain
    [ $(( $ret & 4 )) -ne 0 ] && sleep 3 && update_domain
fi

return 0

 

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